Chii chinonzi secularism… uye chii chisiri icho?

Nheyo yekuparadzaniswa kwemachechi nehurumende, kureva kusununguka kwavo kunoenderana, yakagadzwa nemutemo waDecember 9, 1905. France naizvozvo inyika isingaparadzanisiki, yenyika, yedemokrasi uye yemagariro evanhu (Chinyorwa XNUMX cheBumbiro reMitemo yeFifth Republic)

Mubvunzo wekusaziva zvechitendero uye wakanyanya kuwanda wemubvunzo wechitendero wave uri kubva mukupera kwema1980 (kupfekedzwa machira nevasikana vachiri kuyaruka mukoreji muCreil), nyaya inogaronetsa munzanga yeFrance pamwe nepfungwa inowanzoitika. zvisiri izvo.kunzwisisa kana kududzirwa zvisizvo.

Mibvunzo yakawanda inomuka, kune vakuru vakuru vehurumende kunyanya uye vagari vese, pane izvo zvinobvumirwa kana kwete, pamusoro pepfungwa dzekusununguka kwakakosha, zviratidzo kana zvipfeko zvine zvirevo zvechitendero, kuremekedza kurongeka kwevanhu, kusarerekera kwenzvimbo dzakasiyana.

Neruremekedzo rwakakwana kune rusununguko rwehana, nyika ndiyo mutsigiri weFrench-style "kugara pamwechete", pfungwa inocherechedzwa neEuropean Court of Human Rights.

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