Ukusebenza kobuchwepheshe kuyinto yokuzivocavoca ekukhetheni nasekuchazeni imibono enhle elula ukuze kube lula ukwenza izinqumo nezenzo. le ukubhala isifinyezo somsebenzi akuyona into ebalulekile, ikakhulukazi kusukela umoya we-synthesis akuyona into ejwayelekile kakhulu yemvelo. Ukusetshenziswa kohlelo lwezobuchwepheshe kunzima kakhulu uma kuziwa ekulandeleni uhlelo oluchazwe ngaphambilini, bakha amabhokisi okufanele ahlele imibono ehlukene. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi inothi ukuthatha noma umbiko, izinqubo eziningana zichaza ukubhala isifinyezo somsebenzi yimpumelelo. Ukuze uthole indlela yokubhala isifinyezo somsebenziNazi ezinye izeluleko nezeluleko.

Lokho ukuhlanganiswa kochwepheshe akukhona

Ukusebenza kobuchwepheshe akuyona into efundiswa abafundi. Ngisho noma ecela isingeniso ngecebo enezigaba ezimbili noma ezintathu ezungeze isihloko esithile, akuyona umbuzo lapha wokuletha ukuhlaziywa komuntu siqu. Ngamanye amazwi, ukwabelana akushiywe ekuhlakanipheni kwakho.

Kuyinto ukutadisha ifayela noma idokhumenti ngokwalo, ngakho akukho mbuzo wokuphatha noma ukusebenzisana nalokhu noma leyo ngxenye yale fayela. Lezi zinsuku kumele ziphathwe ngokugcwele futhi ulwazi akufanele lithathwe ngokubhaliwe ngumlobi wodokhumenti. Ulwazi olwengeziwe akumelwe lengezwe efayeleni okufanele lucutshungulwe futhi ukuzithoba kungavunyelwe.

Isifinyeto sezobuchwepheshe singaphansi kwenothi lokuphatha. Uma le mibhalo emibili iveza iphuzu elivamile ezinkambeni abanayo, ukuhlanganiswa kochwepheshe kuvezwe yilokho okulindelekile ngokuphelele. Ngesiko lakhe jikelele, isisebenzi kumele sigcizelele indaba ngendlela ejwayelekile ngokubambisana.

Siyini isifinyezo sobuchwepheshe futhi kungani ubhala esisodwa?

a synthesis professional isishwankathelo esihleliwe nesakhelwe ngendlela ecacile nenamandla yenjongo ethize. Ilula umbhalo onjengesihloko, umthethonqubo, i-standard, ifayela ephelele, incwadi.

Kuyinto isethi yezinto ezakha ukwakheka okuhambisanayo nokuhlelekile lapho imibono ixhunyaniswa khona ngokuvumelana nokucabanga okuhle. Ukuhlanganiswa kobuchwepheshe kubonakala kungenasici, akuhlala kungathathi hlangothi nomgomo ngaphandle kokuphawula, ukukhetha, noma ukwahlulelwa komuntu siqu ngemibono eqhubekayo. Ubuye uthembeke emibhalweni yabalobi ngaphandle kokuzama ukwahlukanisa noma ukuwasebenzisa.

Kubalulekile ukuba bhala isifinyezo somsebenzi ukuze umamukeli enze isinqumo futhi athathe isinyathelo ngokuphumelelayo. Inani lemininingwane etholakalayo likhulu kakhulu futhi izindawo eziningi zokumboza azivumeli njalo isikhathi noma amakhono ukuwahlaziya. Ngakho-ke isidingo sokubhala nokusabalalisa amanothi okufingqa.

Inhloso yokwaziswa kochwepheshe

Ngaphambi kokuba uqale ukubhala nokuqoqa ulwazi, okokuqala kudingeka uhlathulule inhloso yesifinyeto somsebenzi. Ukubeka umgomo ku-synthesis kusiza ukucacisa ukuthi ngubani futhi ozokhonza. Ngokungafani nokuhlanganiswa kwemincintiswano, bhala isifinyezo somsebenzi kwenziwa ngomusa ngaphandle kokunaka izidingo zebhizinisi.

Ngakho-ke kumelwe sikhombise ukuthi ubani obhala ukuhlanganiswa kochwepheshe. I-synthesis kanye nesilulumagama esetshenzisiwe izokuvumelanisa ngokuvumelana nezilaleli zayo. Ngakho-ke, uma le dokhumenti ihloselwe isazi sekhompyutha, kuyoba okuvamile ukusebenzisa i-vocabulary yezobuchwepheshe, noma kunjalo, isilulumagama esinjalo siyogwetshwa uma idokhumenti iqondiswa kummeli, noma i-akhawuntiant.

Kulesi sigaba, kubalulekile ukwazi ukuthi izinga lwazi luni lwe-interlocutor yakhe. Uma lena ingu-neophyte, i-synthesis izoba nombono womhlaba wonke ngale ndaba futhi kuzodingeka ukuthi ugxile ezintweni ezithakazelisayo kakhulu uma i-interlocutor engumuntu ongeyona neophyte.

Ukwazi ukuthi ukubhala okubhaliwe kubaluleke ngani futhi kubalulekile. Lesi sinyathelo senza ukwazi ukuthi uma ngabe i-synthesis izosebenza yini ukwakha umbono ngendaba, ukwenza isinqumo, ukufuna isisombululo senkinga, ukujulisa umbiko, ukuqinisekisa ulwazi, njll. Ngakho-ke indlela yokuxoxa ngayo iyoxhomeke ekuhlosweni okuphishekisiwe, njengoba kuzokufuna ulwazi.

Usesho nokubeka phambili ulwazi

Ukuqoqwa kolwazi oludingekayo ekubhaliseni kwenziwa ngokufunda. Uma kuziwa ekusetshenzisweni kombhalo, iqoqo lwazi ludinga ukucinga isakhiwo sombhalo (izihloko, imibhalo engezansi, inhloso yomlobi, njll) nokuqoqwa kolwazi olubalulekile. Inhloso yokuqoqa ulwazi ukuthola ukuthi ulwazi luni nokuthi luhlelwe kanjani.

Akuhambisani nokuqonda noma ukuhlaziya okuqukethwe kwalokhu. Phakathi nalesi sigaba, kuzodingeka ukuthi ucindezele konke okungenakuqhathaniswa ukugcina kuphela okubalulekile. Ngokwemibandela eqondile, ukusesha kolwazi kuza ngemuva kokuchazwa okuhlosiwe kanye nezidingo zalo. Iqukethe izingxenye eziningana lapho kufanele siphendule khona imibuzo ukuthi, nini, kanjani, kanjani, kangakanani, kungani (ukuchaza izimbangela), ukuthi yini (ukuchaza izinhloso). Amaqembu athola imali njengoba ucwaningo luqala.

Kubalulekile lapha ukuthi ungasebenzisi imisho ende, kodwa ukukhetha ngokucophelela amagama ayisihluthulelo okusiza ukuqala komqondo. Ekupheleni kokuseshwa kolwazi, kubalulekile ukucabanga ngokubaluleka kwabo ngaphakathi kwengxenye ngayinye, ukunaka ngokukhethekile amagama angukhiye abalulekile. Ukuqoqwa nokwaziswa okubalulekile kuyisinyathelo esibalulekile ekusizeni ukwakha uhlelo olucacile nolunembile.

Ukwakhiwa kohlelo lokuhlelwa kochwepheshe

Ukwakha uhlelo lwe- a synthesis professionalkumele sigcizelele izici ezibaluleke kakhulu, lezo ezifanelwe ukunakwa okukhethekile. Loluhlelo lwakhiwe ngokukhululekile ngokusho ukuthi luyisisekelo esiyinkimbinkimbi (ngombono jikelele wendaba), ukuhlanganiswa kwezimbangela-imiphumela noma ukuhlanganiswa kweziphakamiso.

Yonke imibono eqoqwe kumele ihlanganiswe kuloluhlelo ngokuxhumanisa imibono ebaluleke kunazo zonke kulolu chungechunge. Uhlelo kumele luhambisane nalokho okukhulunywe ngakho futhi kufanele luhloniphe ibhalansi ethile. Izingxenye kanye nezigaba kufanele zibe nobukhulu obulinganayo futhi zibe nesithakazelo esilinganayo.

Ukwakhiwa kwalolu hlelo akufanele kube yinkimbinkimbi, kodwa kunalokho kucacile, kuqondakala futhi kuqondakala kalula. Ingxenye yokuqala ingagcinwa ukuhlaziywa kwezimbangela kanye nedatha ehambelana nenkinga. Ngokwengxenye yesibili, singabonisa imiphumela ehlobene nale nkinga, sinikeze izixazululo ezikhona kanye nezimo zokuqaliswa kwazo.

Bhala isifinyezo somsebenzi ngokuvamile kuvunyelwe izingxenye ezimbili noma ezintathu, kodwa liluleka ukuba lilinganiselwe ezingxenyeni ezimbili. Uhlelo kumele luboniswe ngokucacile kulo mbhalo ukuze zonke izingxenye zikwazi ukubonakala kalula. Kunconywa ukuthi uyigcwalise ngokwenza izinombolo (I no-II) nokuhlukanisa (A no-B noma i-1 ne-2). Ingxenye ngayinye nengxenye engaphansi kufanele ilandelwe isihloko. Ngaphandle kwezingxenye ezimbili zentuthuko, ukuhlanganiswa kochwepheshe nakho kungaba nesingeniso nesiphetho.

Ukuthuthukiswa kuvame ukuhluka ngokuvumelana nendaba, kodwa isingeniso nesiphetho cishe ngaso sonke isikhathi sinendima efanayo. Ngakho-ke, isingeniso sizokwazisa umamukeli ngenhloso yokwabelana, izimbangela ezigqugquzela, ukubaluleka kanye nesithakazelo salo. Isingeniso kumele sibe okucacile, esifushane futhi ephelele. Amathrekhi ambalwa akwanele ukusho ukuthi yini okukhulunywe ngaye.

Kwezinye izimo, ngenxa bhala isifinyezo somsebenziisingeniso asidingekile futhi singanakwa njengoba kujwayele ukukhumbula izinto ezicacile. Kodwa kunenzuzo enkulu ikakhulukazi ukuqinisekisa ukuthi umamukeli uyakuqonda. Ibuye ikuvumele ukuba ukhumbule umongo, uma kuqala kufanele kufundwe izikhathi eziningana.

Ngokuphathelene nesiphetho, kufanele senze okungaphezu nje kokufingqa umbhalo, kuyindlela yokuphendula inkinga ephakanyisiwe ekuqaleni. Iphindaphinda ngokuphindaphindiwe izincomo zokubeka phambili izixazululo ezikhuthazwe ngumlobi futhi ayinaso indima yokuletha izakhi ezintsha ngokuphathelene nokuthuthukiswa kohlelo.

Ukubhala isifinyezo somsebenzi

Uma isakhiwo sakhiwe, kufanele siqhubekele phambili ukubhala isifinyezo somsebenzi. Imithetho ejwayelekile yokubhala amadokhumende nayo isebenza ekubhaliwe okufingqiwe. Imisho kufanele ibe mfushane ezindimeni ezihlelwe kahle nasesilulumagama esiqondakalayo. Isitayela kanye ne-syntax yenothi yesifinyeto kufanele zihambelane namakhodi wegama elibhalwe phansi, libe lomswakama, lishintshe futhi lihle uma kungenzeka.

Uma ezinye izinto zidinga incazelo eyengeziwe, kungase kube lula ukuwabuyisela njengesithasiselo ukuze wenze ukufundwa kwedokhumenti kube lula. Uma ngabe i-synthesis ide futhi idlulela ngaphezu kwamakhasi we-3, unganqikazi ukufaka isifinyeto. Amathebula namagrafu angasiza ekuhambeni nasekuboniseni imibhalo. Izihloko zamaqembu kanye nama-subparts kumele zikhulume. Kumelwe sigweme ukuhlela izihloko ezimbi kakhulu (umlando, umongo ngokwesibonelo). Izihloko kumele zibe namandla futhi zinikeze ulwazi mayelana nokuqukethwe kwesigaba.

Ngokuphathelene nezigaba, akusizi ngalutho ukufuna ukwakha imisho emihle, kungcono ukukhuthaza ukucaca kwamazwi ngemisho emifushane. Ukuze kube nokuhlelwa, kungasiza ukuhlukanisa ikhasi ngamakholomu ngokusho uhlelo oluningiliziwe, ulwazi oluhlanganisiwe kanye nezibalo eziyinhloko, ihluzo, izithombe ezifanekisela ukukhuluma.

Eminye imithethonqubo yendlela okufanele ihlonishwe ngayo

Lapho ubhala, kuyalulekwa ukuthi uhlanganise futhi ungasho yonke imininingwane engasizi ngalutho. Ukwenza isifinyezo ngokujwayelekile kususa le mininingwane engabalulekile ngenkathi wethula imininingwane ebalulekile. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukunakekelwa kufanele kuthathwe ukususa izimpawu zokukhuluma, ukukhuluma ngamazwi, ukuphindaphinda, ukungabaza, njll.

Amanye amagama awela ngaphansi kwezimpawu zomlomo awanandawo ebhaliwe, ikakhulukazi uma engenayo incazelo eqondile. Amagama afana nokuthi "ungasho kanjani", "okungukuthi" ekuqaleni kwezigaba angasuswa ngaphandle kokuthinta incazelo yomusho. Ngezibonelo, kuyadingeka ukukhawulela ukusetshenziswa kwamuva nokugcina kuphela okugqame kakhulu.

Ukuphindaphinda ukucabanga nokukhuluma kwezikhulumi kuyaphakanyiswa. Uma lezi zinkulumo zingulimi lobuchwepheshe olusetshenziswe yisikhulumi, zingasiza kakhulu ekuqondeni. Kubalulekile ukucwenga umbhalo wakho njengoba ukubhala kuqhubeka nokufunda kabusha.

Ekupheleni kwe- ukubhala isifinyezo somsebenziKufanele uphinde ufunde futhi uqaphele izigaba zokuqala zedokhumenti yakho, okuvame ukufundwa ngokucophelela ngabafundi abahlukene enkampanini.